How to Prevent COVID-19

How to Prevent COVID-19 ( Ways to Protect our Special Needs Kids )

Since last Wednesday March 18, 2020, I have been working at home because we are obliged to observe social distancing. Schools and public places like libraries, parks, public pools, etcetera have been closed as well. Everyone has been obliged to stay home except those who are working in essential and health services. To keep our families safe, it is so important that we have to learn how to prevent COVID-19. 

Our children with special needs could be one of those who are vulnerable if they are still young or have some co-morbidities, like heart problems and other congenital diseases.

Nowadays, our lives have turned around because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

This new corona virus infection has spread globally and as of today March 22, 2020, according to data from Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University, confirmed cases have totalled to 316,000 with 13,592 confirmed deaths and 185 countries, areas or territories have reported cases.

China, where it all originated has the highest reported cases at 81,416 with total deaths at 3,261.

Italy is second for positive cases at 53,000 but highest reported deaths at 4,825.

Spain is third at 28,572  positive cases and  total deaths at 1,720.00

Unites States comes fourth for positive cases at 27,004. At least 249 deaths were reported on March 20th.

Well good news is that more than 93,000 people worldwide have recovered.

For daily updates read from the World Health Organization website-click here.

COVID-19 is scary and is a serious concern for everyone!

This has affected every area of our daily lives from our jobs, schools, travel, activities, food and grocery shopping, and a lot more.

Of course we need to understand what this pandemic is all about.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered corona virus, which was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019.

It is one of the Corona viruses which causes common colds and the more severe illnesses previously identified, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ( SARS-CoV ) first reported in 2003 in Guangdong Province in southern China and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome ( MERS-CoV ), which was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. Although there have been so many deaths reported with these two virus infections and  global spread as well but lesser, considered only as epidemics, unlike this COVID-19 which is now pandemic.

Incubation period for COVID-19 is 1-14 days, which means that if you are exposed, it will take 1-14 days for you to present with symptoms. Thus, if you have traveled somewhere, you are advised to isolate yourself for 14 days before returning to work or seeing other people.

How is COVID-19 transmitted?

How to prevent COVID-19-transmission

COVID-19 is transmitted by droplet infection. If somebody who is affected sneezes or coughs without cover, the droplet can lodge in any surface for sometime and if somebody touches that surface, and in turn touches their nose, mouth or eyes, he can be infected.

Breathing in of the droplet when the sick person coughs or sneezes in front of you could also be one of the ways that you can get sick. Thus, stay away from a sick person for at least 2 meters or six feet.

A study done by researchers from the National Institute of Health, the CDC, and UCLA confirmed that COVID-19 can spread on surfaces. The researchers found that COVID-19 can survive with enough “viable virus” on plastic for up to 72 hours and on cardboard for up to 24 hours.

Thus our kids’ toys and educational materials including books need to be disinfected.

COVID-19 has also been found to survive on steel for up to 48 hours, and on copper for up to four hours.

Best to clean your electronics including your cellphones, and to wash your hands after opening up packages.

The COVID-19 has been spreading exponentially.

The World Health Organization states, “It took over three months to reach the first 10,000 confirmed cases, and only 12 days to reach the next 100,000.”

Thus, it is really important to observe social distancing.

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Who can get infected?

Practically everyone can have the infection. Some maybe asymptomatic and some will have symptoms. The most vulnerable are the elderly, those with co-morbidities, like hypertension, diabetes, heart problems, cancer, and the children.

Although affected children is only a small percentage, a new study from China has shown that kids can become very ill if affected. The most vulnerable in kids are the infants. There has been one death in China of a 14 year old.

Our special kids especially the non-verbal ones, usually cannot express how they feel, and this makes them more vulnerable as well. Your observations as special needs parents are so important and timely for proper management if they get infected.

Related post: What to do when your Sick Special Child is so Irritable 

Safe to say that most people who die are in the age range of 70 years old and above, but bear in mind that any age can get the virus. If you get infected, it is really important to isolate and observe social distancing so spread can be stopped.

In the early days people have been so complacent that many people still went for their holidays and attended big gatherings and never isolated themselves, thus the rapid spread globally.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Of those who get infected, around 80 percent will have mild symptoms and will recover in the comforts of their homes.

Since it is spread as a droplet infection, the virus goes to the lungs and cause respiratory symptoms. It usually starts just like the regular flu with body weakness or tiredness, fever, and dry cough. Other symptoms include aches and pains, nasal stuffiness, runny nose, sore throat and diarrhea.

Adults who have been affected initially report headaches, body pains, shortness of breath and very dry and sore throat.

One in 6 infected adults becomes gravely ill and will have continuous fever and difficulty of breathing, thus develop pneumonia, fluid in the lungs, or multi-organ failure, which are usually the causes of death.

Commonly affected are the older people with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes or chronic kidney disease.

This is the time when they need to go to the emergency without fail!

What to do if you have symptoms

When you develop symptoms or any of your kids at home, including your special child, go call your doctor or find out as early as now that nobody is symptomatic yet, what number to call so you know where to go to get tested. Usually, there are test centres outside of the hospital because they accept only those with moderate to severe cases to be admitted and treated.

Some places like South Korea and now the United States and Canada  have drive-through areas where you can go for tests. You don’t even have to get out of your car, how cool is that?

Get yourself tested right away if you have symptoms and isolate yourself, even from your family.

You can recover at home if your symptoms are mild. And you are lucky if you are!

Otherwise, run to the emergency or ask somebody to bring you or call the ambulance when you feel you have difficulty breathing and having high fever. At this time, it could be life-threatening and should not be ignored.

For small kids,  including your non-verbal special child, this could show as bluish lips, very fast or deep breathing and rising of their chest, groaning, or unable to talk in sentences if they are verbal.

How can our families be protected especially our special needs kids?

Social distancing comes in very vital to limit the spread of COVID-19.

It involves deliberately increasing the physical space between people to avoid spread of any illness.

We are all advised to do the following:

1. Avoid crowds and public places. It makes sense that schools have been closed as well as daycares, masses are canceled, social gatherings and meetings are prohibited, as well.

2. Have a distance of at least 6 feet or 2 meters with other people, especially those who are sick with coughing or sneezing. Practice this even when you are shopping in grocery stores.

3. Self-isolate for 14 days after you arrive from travel, including cruising.

4. Avoid touching other people, including handshakes and hugs.

Other important measures to follow to prevent spread of COVID-19:

1. Wash hands as often as you can. You might need to wash the hands of your special needs kids if they can’t follow your instructions.

2. If unable to wash your hands, use the sanitizer if your hands are not visibly dirty.

3. Avoid touching your nose, mouth and eyes with your hands.

Prevent COVID-19 Handwashing techniques click here.

4. Sneeze or cough into your sleeves or a tissue paper and throw it away immediately.

5. Wear masks if you have symptoms, you are in the frontline caring for those who are sick, or exposed to somebody with symptoms.

6. Don’t visit your older relatives, like grandparents because they are vulnerable especially if they have other medical conditions. Just call them everyday to check on them. If they need groceries, buy for them online and let them be delivered.

How to easily understand the COVID-19 Pandemic ( It all makes sense ! )

Now we learn why we need quarantine, self-isolation, social distancing and washing our hands frequently, among other things!

We need to reverse this COVID-19 fast pandemic to slow pandemic and it is possible!

Is there treatment for COVID-19?

There is no definitive treatment for this infection. No antibiotics can cure COVID-19. It is a viral infection and treatments are only supportive.

Paracetamol or Acetaminophen for fever, rest and sleep, lots of water, fruits, Vitamin C are suggested and hospitalization with oxygen or ventilator support for those affected by severe pneumonia.

Isolation is very important to prevent spread.

Prevention is vital, thus practice social distancing all the time!

Is a vaccine or a drug available for COVID-19?

From the start of discovery of COVID-19, several scientists in their laboratories all over the world have tried to discover the genome sequence of the possible vaccine which hopefully could prevent the occurrence of COVID-19 in the future.

The scientists in collaboration with Pharmaceuticals have developed experimental vaccines that utilize genetic engineering to harness cells to produce pieces of the virus that are recognized by the immune system.

Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute in Seattle , USA is in Phase I to create a vaccine that is safe and able to elicit the desired results from a person’s immune system.

First 45 volunteers for the experimental COVID-19 vaccine have been injected the experimental vaccine on March 16, 2020, and the scientists will be observing them for 6 weeks.

The volunteers ranged from ages 18 to 55, including tech company operations manager Jennifer Haller who is the first study participant.

Concerning side-effects will be monitored and this will guide them for larger trials this year that will assess its efficacy.

It is expected to take a year to 18 months to fully validate any potential vaccine.

Other laboratory facilities and Pharmaceuticals in the US, Canada, China, Australia, Europe, UK and Korea likewise have their experiments and plan to test their vaccines and a drug named Remdesivir in the near future.

There are no solid data as of now to confirm whether the drug Remdesivir, which have been given to some COVID-19 patients is effective or not. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial still needs to be done to determine if this experimental drug  has clinical benefits to COVID-19 patients.

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Protection from COVID-19 is the best way to face this pandemic! 

Practice isolation- stay in your homes as much as possible so you don’t catch the virus and if you have it with only mild symptoms, stay away from people so you don’t spread the illness.

REMEMBER:

The most effective way to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 is to always wash your hands, cover your cough with the bend of your elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 2 meters (6 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing.

Use masks only if you are ill with cough or sneezing, exposed to somebody with positive COVID-19 or taking care of somebody who is infected.

Avoid shortage of masks by using them if not needed because only healthcare people need to use them and during the circumstances mentioned above.

Now is the best time to take care of ourselves and our families including our special needs kids.

Let us follow what the government is telling us and our health authorities.

Check out the Global updates from the World Health Organization website- click here! 

And PRAY because our GOD is greater than the COVID-19 and He will restore everything soon!

How to Prevent COVID-19

How are you and your family coping with the COVID-19 pandemic? Has anybody been infected in your family and how was it managed? Share your experiences and let us learn from each other.

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22 thoughts on “How to Prevent COVID-19 ( Ways to Protect our Special Needs Kids )”

  1. Hi There,

    Thank You! for such an in-depth review and I want to share I work at the 111 call centre for those that think they have it and we have to give them instructions on what to do. The numbers on your website really make it all hit home with Italy having the highest amount of depths. Thanks for such an informative piece of writing it really hit home after reading that.

    Steve

    Reply
  2. The present effect of COVID-19 across the globe is devastating and we need to do something about it.

    Now I know that finding a good article does not come by so easily,  so i must commend your effort in creating such a beautiful website and writing an article to help others with useful information like this.

    Reply
  3. First of all thank you so much for sharing such an excellent article with us. It is very informative and helpful, I gained a lot of knowledge after reading this.

    At present, coronavirus has become fatal and many people have been involved.

    I live in Bangladesh where COVID-19 has also been severely spread right now, and at this time special child care needs to be taken seriously since I work in a special child care.

    The tips you wrote in this article are really important to me and especially helpful to my special childcare kids. 

    I will definitely follow the tips that you mentioned. 

    My brother also has a special child. I will definitely be showing your article him.

    Can I share your article on my social media?

    Reply
    • Hi Shanta,

      What a beautiful name you have there.

      Thanks that I am able to help you  to get informed on how to keep safe your special kids in the daycare where you work.

      By all means, share this with your brother and in your social media.

      Keep safe!

      Marita

      Reply
  4. Hello there, thanks for sharing this awesome article as it is very informative and interesting to read too….the outbreak of this virus has really got the whole world running up and down…but using prevention measures like the once that you have given would really be of great help to curb the spread.

    Reply
    • Hi David,

      COVID-19 has gotten the whole world together to act fast to prevent its massive destruction to people’s lives. And of course because there’s no definite treatment, prevention is the best way to stop its spread.

      Be safe!

      Marita

      Reply
  5. Wow 🤩 this is highly educative, thanks for taking out time to share this useful article at this time when we need it most. 

    In the area of social distance, I think the government in my country and other countries have done well by closing down some crowded places like schools, markets, etc for the mean time. 

    To protect us, my family and I have been very careful of the places we go to.

    Reply
  6. Many thanks for sharing such an informative article during a hard time these days. 

    This Corona virus issue is globally known to all now. Many of us are staying at home and doing every possible work in the confines of our homes.

    You have given information in a sequential way so that people, in general, can understand easily. 

    I would like to share your article on my social media so that many people will be more informed.

    Reply
  7. First of all, thank you so much for sharing such a beautiful and informative article. I was looking for an article like this.

    Covid-19 can currently be regarded as very morbid. Italy and Iran have been struggling with this reality. 

    This common virus attacks so many lives and is happening every day. 

    Meanwhile, though not easy to say, I hope we will be able to stop its spread soon. Let us all just be aware of our responsibility and follow some tips. 

    This is so helpful,  I will share the post with others. 😊

    Reply
    • COVID-19 has caused a lot of deaths globally that we can only hope that if can be contained soon.

      Staying home, practicing social distancing and washing of hands frequently are the most important ways to stop its spread.

      God bless,

      Marita

      Reply
  8. Your detailed guide is very useful for everyone. 

    Now it is growing very fast in our country. Everything is locked down and now I am also working from home. I am also spreading awareness but a few people still are not following government  instructions.

    I hope the government will take another step to keep everyone at home. Now we know that we can stop spreading Covid -19 only by staying at home with proper guidance.

    Reply
    • Hi Harish,

      Sorry to hear that COVD-19 is spreading so fast in your place.

      Your government is doing the right thing. Just try your best to let your family stay home and if you have the chance to inspire others to follow this isolation, by all means advise them as well.

      THanks for reading.

      Marita

      Reply
  9. Based on available evidence, children do not appear to be at higher risk for COVID-19 than adults. While some children and infants have been sick with COVID-19, adults make up most of the known cases to date. You can learn more about who is most at risk for health problems if they have COVID-19 infection.

    Are you at higher risk for severe illness?

    Steps to protect children from getting sick are Clean hands often using soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer,  Avoid people who are sick (coughing and sneezing),  Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces daily in household common areas (e.g. tables, hard-backed chairs, doorknobs, light switches, remotes, handles, desks, toilets, sinks), Launder items including washable plush toys as appropriate in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If possible, launder items using the warmest appropriate water setting for the items and dry items completely. Dirty laundry from an ill person can be washed with other people’s  items and other precautions necessary. Sanitizing is also important. 

    For me I do make sure my kids are well protected and distanced from any gathering. 

    Thanks for this helpful article that will really help every single person to be enlightened on how to stay away and protected from Covid 19, but my question is this disease, does it really have effect on kids? 

    Reply
    • You are right, COVID-19 is more common in adults, but kids can be affected as well, especially if they have other illnesses like cancer or a heart problem. Our special needs kids could be one of these. 

      The very young, like the infants have immature immune system so they are also vulnerable.

      Kids can also infect other people, so glad that you are keeping your children safe.

      I am a little older so I have to really take care not to be exposed.

      Stay safe.

      Marita

      Reply
  10. Hello there.

    Thanks for this nice post. 

    I will try my best to follow these rules.

    Covid- 19 is  a serious pandemic and should never be ignored! It has spread all over the world and causing everyone a lot of fear and panic.

    Therefore, we need to fight it, learn how to be  safe, how to give our children a clean environment. 

    I will share your article on my social media. 

    Reply
  11. This is a really good one. I want to first commend the input of time and energy into making this awesome website with nice templates and finding time to write an article on how to prevent covid 19. The effect of this virus on the globe now is really high and we have to do something about it.

    Reply
    • We all need to contribute to our community so that the COVID-19 virus will stop its havoc.

      As much as possible, stay home, practice social distancing and wash your hands.

      Thanks for reading!

      Keep safe,

      Marita

      Reply

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